Architecture of the Opera House in Hanoi

Hanoi Opera House was modeled after Paris Opera House, but size is smaller and the materials used are changed according to the local economic and climate conditions, with a variety of colors and architectural lines of the Theatres in the south of France. Its layout, horseshoe style of large rooms, entrance hall, main staircase and theatrical space are more like the European theaters of the early century XX.

Nhà hát Lớn Hà Nội đầu thế kỷ 20

The building has a length of 87 meters, average width of 30 meters; the highest part of the roof peak is 34 meters higher than the road bed, and a construction area of about 2,600 square meters. Hilton Opera Hotel is located to right of the theater, which is slightly bent – it is also a work designed by a French architect. With classic lines - such as high columns, the Mansard roof etc., Hilton Opera hotel is not only breaking the architectural space of the square but also highlighting the beauty of the theater.

Overall outside architecture of the theater

The façade features a line of Roman lonic columns in the Roman, forming 5 empty rooms in the middle and two special rooms in the gable, above is enhanced by the curved roof with stone tile. Thus, it seems that the principles of Renaissance architecture are specially shown here. However, when approaching the works, the Baroque elements are highlighted with curves of the balconies in combination with arch form the entrance arch. Especially the gaudy decoration is result of a combination of architects and sculptors. To the sides, the Baroque elements almost entirely overwhelm; the columns are just outside the main lobby, here they are replaced with rectangular windows or arches, or the walls filled with pictures of decoration, the curved support bars, which are very sculptural. The upper of the theater gives us a sense of French neoclassical spirit with the roof that wonderfully slates combing several forms such as: curved roof at the highlighting points, rolled roof at the auditorium area and triangular roof above the stage, highlighting with sculptural elements around and on top of the roof.

Overall inside architecture of the theatre


The 1st floor of the theater

Hanoi Opera House’s layout is divided into three relatively distinct parts. The first space is the main entrance hall with a T-shaped stone staircase leading to the second floor. This is the first place to welcome guests to the theater, using vein quartz rocks in conjunction with classic decoration to create the luxury. The chandeliers on the wall are plated with antique copper. Meanwhile the chandeliers overhead is gold coated by new technology.

The 2nd floor of the theater

The 3rd floor of the theater

Mirror Room

Mirror Room (located on the 2nd floor, consists of one main room and two small rooms at both ends) is the room of important rituals to welcome senior officials of the Government and the heads of State. It is the site where signing of important documents of the Government is taken place. It is also the place where art auditorium performances, press conferences and other small conferences are conducted. Its floor is completely restored in accordance with Mozaic technique. Flooring tiles are imported from Italy. On the wall, there are large mirrors. The chandeliers, crystal chandeliers and furniture are in classic French style.

The decoration in the room:

+ References:

- From page http://ashui.com/mag/chuyenmuc/kien-truc/5768-nha-hat-lon-ha-noi-mot-kiet-tac-kien-truc-dieu-khac-va-am-thanh.html

- Some pictures from Internet sources

- Photos of Vietnam Pictorial Magazines